Posts Tagged ‘history’

Ollerton, Nottinghamshire here in England has the ruins of a Cistercian Abbey, Rufford Abbey, and it is currently maintained by the English Heritage, the 1170ish abbey is one of the best preserved in England. In 1146 the Earl of Lincoln founded the abbey, St Mary the Virgin, and the monks wore undyed wool habits giving the nickname of “White Monks”. The monks there lived under the values of hard work and prayer from the completion around 1170 until it was suppressed in 1536.

From there on it became a family estate, remodelled and adapted to their needs accordingly and in 1952 it and its park were brought by Nottinghamshire Country Council, the north and east wings were then demolished in 1956. In the Edwardian times Vita Sackville West (authoress) stayed at the abbey as the guest to the owners of the time, the Saville’s awoke in the night feeling a clammy sensation. She mentioned the event to another of the guests and found out that others had been bothered by what they called a ‘Clammy Baby’, the ghost of a dead child trying to snuggle against women. These areas were demolished but now and then the stories crop up again.

One of the guides told a story about the sounds of a child having been heard in a ditch near an area known as Bride Road, she was surprised to hear from a couple of ladies who regularly walked their dogs and had heard the cries themselves. A psychic who visited also found herself drawn to that area, but had not been informed of a local story that a housemaid at the abbey drowned herself, and the baby, after an unwanted pregnancy.

I ventured out there as it was a nice day, packed the camera up and it took about 40 minutes drive to get there. I was immediately in love with the building, it has a grand look and to get to the building you walk up via the 19th Century stairs that had been added. I also loved that I got a few quiet moments to look around before a school trip descended. Underneath the exterior you can go into the underground chapel area and enjoy cooling down.

I didn’t really feel anything too spooky but there is a section with a model monk and table showing the foods of the time, I stood near him and felt a little spooked out. I suspect more to do with the model monk than anything else. I did venture towards the ditch but my attention was drawn to the animal graces, consequently the only ones there as the human remains were moved to the local church.

(Photography is my own)

https://silentthrill.wordpress.com/2012/10/21/newstead-sanitorium/ this is the main blog that started off my interest.

 

Newstead – further research

As some of my more regular readers, and those interested in Newstead. This may not prove to be entirely the most interesting thing some of you would read but I have placed it here as part of the further research I did after my initial posting. Whilst not creepy it is a follow up on the original information I found for the tuberculosis sanatorium in Newstead, Fishpool, Nottinghamshire.

I have researched into this as far as I feel I necessarily can given limited time-constraints and budgets/access to any further records.

The main reason many are likely to find it hard work to get more information other than passing reference or anecdotes is that there was never scandal or concern about the place in general. Nothing terrible happened, no one was murdered etc and so the press had no reason to cover anything that might lead to further documentation. For anyone who has been interested to find more I hope that the two blogs I have contributed are enough to give you an indication into the Newstead Sanatorium.

Originally it opened in 1942 but has since been demolished, it was opened in 1942 by the City of Nottingham as a TB sanatorium (notation via Philip E Jones, Turning back the pages in Ravenshead). The building had shallowly-projecting balconies along the south front and a two-storey, flat-roofed north wing that housed service and administration functions.

In 1994 the area was given planning permission for a residential value of £10 million. From 1942 to 1964 there were 900 child patients that attended the school over that 22 year period. It was closed in 1964 and became a Geriatric hospital until 1992, it was then closed and finally demolished.

THE LONDON GAZETTE, 28TH AUGUST 1996 – Public Notices

AGAS DEVELOPMENTS LTD. Notice of Application for Public Gas Transporters Licence Extension Notice is hereby given that AGAS Developments Limited has applied for a licence extension from the Director General of Gas Supply to its public gas transporters licence treated as granted under section 7 of the Gas Act 1986 in respect of the following areas:

Newstead Hospital, Ravenshead, OS Ref. SK 54 55 Nottinghamshire

Daily Life and information:

TB was treated with penicillin which did not cure the disease but was able to ease the symptoms for some, a patient that was there in 1961 stated that the patients would smoke, when the doctors were due on rounds the nurses would rush around to help them hide the smell to avoid them getting in trouble.

The beds were on an open veranda and would have only blinds to shield the patients from the cold British weather. Another former patient that has helped me, has explained that often the windows were left open no matter the time of year. Due to the windows and balconies being left open it was not unusual for patients to find snow on their beds during the bad weather.

Another anecdote I found is that the patients would have spare clothes, or they would have people bring some in for them so that they could go into Mansfield at night, they would do this by catching a local bus and then go to the pub.

This was the case for a similar place, Woodland in Shropshire where the buildings were left open and unused afterwards because people worried about going in and there being a chance of infection. In the case of Woodland the main area is now part of an Industrial Estate but there are still some who are superstitious about the use of the area and about entering it. This may have contributed as to why these buildings have, in many cases, been left in disrepair or have been demolished.

T A Newham was a patient there in 1960 on Ward 6 and notes that one of the first wards to close was the children’s. They were separate to the main building and the responder states that there were 6 wards on three floors. He said that the genders were not meant to mix but then he intimates that it happened anyway.

Doreen Towle said that her mother was there from 1962, she never heard a bad word about it and her mother used to enjoy the daily bottle of stout. She did remember it being a lengthy bus journey when she was only 15. She now lives in Australia at the time of writing this post.

I found another extract and this is from A Call to Arms by Edmund Stawow, a personal account of their time in service. The bit I looked at was for the purposes of this recent look at the Sanatorium. He describes the Sanatorium as a large four-story brick building that is in the forest around the gently rising hills. The air was considered to be pure and the place tranquil which supported the idea at the time of respite and fresh air for the symptoms and to try and cure TB. The account is more about visiting a friend but within that does mention that they had visiting hours.

17th March 1943 from what I can make out there was a letter from Mrs Johnson and family thanking the doctors and staff for beautiful floral tributes and thank you to the staff at No 3 Ward, Isolation.

Some of those associated as patients or workers:

Lilian RODE daughter of Benjamin Rofe and Martha Annie Lowe, born in 1900. She was born in Burslem, Staffordshire and worked at Newstead Sanatorium, Nottingham.

The British Journal Of Nursing – April 1944. APPOINTMENTS. – MATRON. Newstead Sanatorium, Nottingham. – Miss Hilda I. Richards, S.R.N., S.C.M., has been appointed Matron. She was trained at the Manchester Royal Eye Hospital; at the David Lewis Northern Hospital, Liverpool ; and at the City of London Maternity Hospital. Miss Richards has been Ward Sister at the David Lewis Northern Hospital, Liverpool; Night Sister, Home and Stores Sister, and Assistant Matron at the City Sanatorium, Birmingham. She also took the Housekeeping Course of the Leicester Royal Infirmary; and holds Honours of the Tuberculosis Association.

James RUSSELL, son of James RUSSELL (1869-1945) and Kate MASON (1871-1941), was born on 19 August 1903 in Lenton, Nottingham. He appeared in the census on 2 April 1911 in 12 Jackson Terrace, Simkin Street, Nottingham aged 7. He was a Lorry Driver. He died of Bronchial Carcinoma, Chronic Bronchitis and Auricular Fibrillation on 29 July 1965 in Newstead Hospital, Nottinghamshire aged 61. He was cremated on 4 August 1965 in Wilford Crematorium aged 61. Lily and James had 9 children listed.

Lily RUSSELL daughter of James RUSSELL and Lily PHILLIPSON, was born on 19 February 1931 in St. Anns. She died of Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Tuberculous Laryngitis on 16 February 1946 in Newstead Sanatorium, Nottinghamshire. She was buried in Wilford Hill Cemetery, Nottingham aged 15.

MRS D. J. FLEMING : Obituary Published in the Chad.co.uk on 15 October 2011

A service at Mansfield crematorium chapel preceded cremation of Mrs Dorothy Joyce Fleming (80), who had been a resident of Wren Hall Nursing Home, Selston. Mrs Fleming had previously lived at Kirkby. Born at Birmingham and educated at School Street and Vernon Road schools, Kirkby, Mrs Fleming had been a local resident for 78 years.

Before her marriage she was a nurse at Newstead Sanatorium, then she had been a cook supervisor at Jeffries Primary School for many years until retiring. Her interests included collecting china, visits to the Potteries, holidays, watching musicals, ballet and ice skating, listening to classical music. She especially loved being with her children and grandchildren.

Mrs Fleming, who died at Wren Hall Nursing Home, leaves her daughters, Susan Cross and Sandra Playford, five grandchildren and five great-grandchildren. She was pre-deceased by her husband, Mr Kenneth Fleming. Mourners Mr T. Playford, Mrs S. Playford, Mrs S. Cross, Miss E. Cross, Mrs R. Mason,MrR. J. Playford, Mr and Mrs G. Lynk, Mr P. Stafford, Mr S. Lynk, Mrs J. Lynk, Mr N. Mason, Ms M. Gent, Mrs P. Hayes, Mr and Mrs C. Wilson, Mr and Mrs G. W. Cooper, Mrs P. Severn; Mrs S. A. Walsh (representing Walsh family), Mrs C. Morris, Mr T. Cross, Mr C. Fowler, Mrs M. Walters, Mrs L. Wheat, Mrs D. Lee, Mrs E. Clarke, Mrs B. Hinchliffe, Mrs L. Walton, Mrs M. Poyser. Representing Wren Hall Nursing Home were Mrs S. Powell, Mrs K. Clay, Mrs P. Haney, Mrs J. Scothern, Mrs K. Ormshaw. Floral tributes were from the family and all at Wren Hall.

Donations received in lieu were for the Residents’ Fund at Wren Hall. The service was conducted by the Rev M. Evans, and arrangements were by K. Gregory&Sons Ltd.

Mrs Helga Irmgard Kijan (79), who died at her home at Ladybrook Lane, Mansfield, was cremated at Mansfield after a service at the crematorium chapel. Born at Danzig, Germany, Mrs Kijan was educated there until the age of 15, when she went to study English and shorthand and typing at college in Berlin. She came to England in 1948 when the English were advertising for workers and had lived locally for 60 years. Mrs Kijan worked for two years as a nurse at Newstead Sanatorium until 1950 and after her marriage and the birth of her children worked at Lawn Mills on Rosemary Street, at Seal & Turner’s, and finally at Mansfield Hosiery Mills from where she retired in 1986. Her interests were very family orientated and she also enjoyed poetry, music — from classic and jazz to easy listening — reading, current affairs and watching television, especially documentaries, soaps and sporting events.

She also loved being with her Dachshund, Danny. Mrs Kijan leaves her husband, Mr Wasyl Anton Kijan, son André, daughter Roma, four grandchildren, Jason, Rachel, Daniella and Ashley, and three great-grandchildren, Alexandra, Bailey and Riley.

Mourners were Mr W. Kijan, Mr and Mrs A. Kijan, Mr and Mrs John Redfern, Mr and Mrs Jason Redfern, Miss R. Redfern, Mr A. Kijan and Miss S. Dykes, Miss D. Kijan, Mr and Mrs J. and D. Hales, Mr K. Boxford, Mrs A. Boxford, Mr D. Boxford, Mr D. Woodhead, Mrs L. Sykelyk, Mr and Mrs D. Palmer, Mr and Mrs G. Champion, Mrs A. Gill, Mr and Mrs I. Blythe, Mrs J. S. Redfern, Mr and Mrs T. J. Redfern, Mrs A. Shaw, Ms J. Draper, Mr and Mrs A. Galazyka, Mr S. Kocun, Mr and Mrs K. A. Hurt, Mr V. Lutak.

The service was conducted by Mr D. Sharpe, and arrangements were by Co-operative Funeralcare.

MR A. HUNT (Forest Town) – Published in the Chad, 10th February 2010.

Former steam engine driver Mr Arthur Hunt (92), of Woodland Road, Forest Town, was cremated at Mansfield after a service at the crematorium chapel. Born at Stanley Common, Derbyshire and educated at Carter Lane and High Oakham Boys’ schools, Mansfield, Mr Hunt lived locally for most of his life. For 33 years he was a steam engine driver, after which he worked for 11 years self-employed in a hardware store. Latterly, he worked for seven years at Newstead Hospital as a boiler man, from where he retired in 1991. Mr Hunt loved family get-togethers, driving and walking in Derbyshire, DIY at home, steam railway trips, reading, dancing, holidays and his garden.

Mr Hunt, who died at King’s Mill Hospital, Sutton, leaves his partner of 30 years, Mrs Shirley A. Scarborough, two daughters, four grandchildren and two great-grandchildren and Shirley’s family — one son, three daughters, five grandchildren and five great-grandchildren.

Mourners were Mrs S. Scarborough, Mr J. Barker, Mr and Mrs R. Baggaley, Miss C. Baggaley, Mr R. Baggaley, Mrs J. Wright, Miss J. Scarborough, Mr M. Wright, Miss K. Stanley, Mr J. Barker, Miss H.Martin, Mr and Mrs M. Dennison, Mr and Mrs M. Smedley, Mrs S. Thorpe, Miss Z. Thorpe, Miss J. Thorpe, Mr and Mrs D. Kennedy, Miss S. Kennedy, Mr A. Kennedy, Mrs D. See, Mr and Mrs G.Kennedy, Mrs P. Davey, Mr and Mrs J. Kelsall, Mr C. Kelsall, Mrs E. Herkowyj, Mr and Mrs P. Holland, Mr M.Hawkins, Mr and Mrs A. Chappell, Mr J. Hayden, Mr and Mrs D. Daykin.

Representing 50 Plus Oak Tree Centre were Mr and Mrs J. Ellis, Mr and Mrs A. Eames, Mr R. Taylor, Mrs S. Watson, Mrs M. Butlin, Mr and Mrs G. Butler, Mr R. Richards.

Forest Town WI representatives included Mrs E. Pinnick and Mrs R. Downing.

Maun Motors representatives were Mr D. MacCallam and Mr L. Hallam, and Age Concern at Mansfield, was represented by Mrs M. Sharpe and Mrs A. Morgan.

Floral tributes were from Shirley, Jean and Mick, Barbara and Derick; Ken and Kath, brother and family in Australia; James, Heather, Paige and Lucas, Claire and Richard, Mark and Kirsty, Suzanne, Michael, William, Eleanor and Angelica; Dawn, Sue, Zoey, Jade, Andrew Sarah; Mrs Norma Barker.
Donations received in lieu of flowers were for the British Heart Foundation.

The service was conducted by the Rev R. Jones, and arrangements were by Sutton Co-operative Funeralcare.

http://www.unwritten.org.uk

I found an article here about a nurse during the war and who was stationed at Newstead. Megan Jenkins was a nurse who explained it was that or the forces, so she picked nursing. Before her arrival to the hospital she was engaged to an American from the forces who died in D-Day, she ended up with a post at Sully Hospital (Mid Glamorgan, now converted into luxury apartments) where the treatment was like many, fresh air for TB and if they had to treat it surgically a rib was removed and then the lung was collapsed, after rest the disease would die and hopefully the patient would recover.

The pay as a nurse was not great and so she had looked around for a better job, she found an advertisement in The Nursing Mirror, “Newstead Sanatorium, sister wanted.” And and she went to get an interview, she was there on a Friday 13th for the male ward and she became a sister there.

Sister Jenkins fell in love with an RAF officer there, she used to take the patient’s pillows out for complete rest for an hour, and there was the tall, good looking man. Each month the nurses would be screen for TB and the matron must have picked up on the secret affair, she was reminded that they were patients and infectious! So she was told to get out.

I think her for her candid report about that and the other things in her life, which I haven’t gone into as they not relevant to this particular subject.

MARGARET SIPSON (nee Horrobin) – Born 1931, wanted to be a nurse from an early age and realised she had to wait until she was 18 to train to be a State Registered Nurse. When she was 17 she was able to train as TB Nurse and work at Newstead Sanatorium, when she reached 18 she went off to Sheffield Royal Infirmary to do her full training. She came back to Newstead as a staff nurse, and was soon promoted to ward sister on the children’s ward.

Anthony G. Hancock Wollaton – He had been reading about the Sanatorium in a news article from the Nottingham Post and responded to explain his mother had been a TB patient there, she was 38 and spent 13 months in Newstead. Whatever the weather was like the doors were open and she had told him that she remembered only a couple of times when they were not, this had been due to fog and this was not considered good for the lungs. As a nine year old boy he was unable to visit her so had to wave at her from the field at the rear.

He mentioned that his mother was taken to the Ransom one in Nottingham for two other operations, they were brutal but saved her life from TB and then when Streptomycin came in she recovered for good, she lived until 81 years of age.

Lance Corporal William Pritchard (90 years of age in 2013) was also featured in the Nottingham Post, he was part of the Home Guard, they had orders to capture a German pilot who had crashed his fighter plane in Bramcote Hills. They went over with very little protection and from the crashed plane came the pilot who drew his pistol, they feared the worst but he threw it away and handed himself over.

The Home Guard then took him to the awaiting army lorry and he was taken in as a prisoner, as this was happening the phone rang and the prisoner ran, out through the open door into the dark night, they followed him until they heard a splash and found him in icy water where they finally had him taken away.

Unfortunately William did not make it into the picture of the home guard there, he was ill at the time, he then joined an anti-aircraft battery stationed at Wilford Hill, he did some training at Sutton-On-Sea and said that they even had run and made quite a few friends. His attempt to join the army for the war effort did not happen, he was rejected for being knock-kneed and could not stand to attention.

Not one to ignore the call he instead tried to go into the RAF, William was initially accepted but then later he was told he could not go because he was medically unfit. William ended up in Newstead Sanatorium for four years and lost his left lung to the disease.

At the time I found this Lance Corporal William Pritchard was helping with the Salvation Army.

Detection of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis by Means of Fluorescence Microscopy
Tubercle, Volume 28, Issue 9, Pages 189-192.

G.O.A. Briggs, Maxwell H. Jennison

(link http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0041387948800346)

I found some short reference to the above journal and apologise, but as this is not towards some form of actual book and more a passion of investigation, I did not pay for full access. The extract I found seems to compare two forms of technique for identifying the TB Bacteria.

For those of you wanting a quick explanation: Ziehl–Neelsen stain is acid fast staining, and Mycobacteria is what is known as an acid-fast. Mycobacteria tuberculosis was identified by Robert Koch in 1882 and the Zhiel-Neelsen test is the most commonly used way to test for this outside of a tb skin test or chest radiographs (introduced later from what I could find).

In comparison to this was Fluorescence Microscopy which used the an optical microscope that uses either fluorescence or phosphorescence to identify the properties of organic and inorganic substances. (incidentally it makes for some lovely viewing on an aesthetic level).

The document seems to be referring to a recently published article about the tests of these written by the above authors in November, 1948 from Newstead Sanatorium. The overall summary from the first page I read seems to suggest that the acid fast test proved to be more to their favour.

In effect from what I deduce (I may be wrong!) is that they had used patients at Newstead to form a comparison basis in regards to identifying TB at the time. This seems plausible given that a steadfast method for identifying the illness for treatment would be important as well.

British Medical Journal – Sept 11, 1948.

A statement from the Ministry of Health is about the streptomycin treatment for TB patients, the beds are listed in numbers for each hospital and explains that they must be fully staffed for the scientific control of the treatment. It describes the need to understand the drug given that it is most likely going to be used more and more. The initial plan for randomised treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis seems to list Newstead Sanatorium with 4 available staffed beds for the trial.

Nottingham Evening Post information I could find:

20th August 1941 – Maintenance engineer required to take charge of the plant at Newstead, approaching it’s completion. Salary £4/10 per week.

23rd October 1941/ Boiler house attendants required, there are no residences on the site and the pay is 1/6 per hour.

31st January 1942 – Space for a cook at the sanatorium with a list of 180 beds to cover, the pay is £150 per annum with a war bonus.

6th May 1942 – The New Modern Sanatorium with 180 beds is near its completion and so they are inviting student nurses age 17+ to apply.Daily women needed for cleaning new hospital, also a woman to help with plain sewing. Apply to Matron.

8th May 1942/ 15th May 1942 – A Steward, over military age, or otherwise exempt from military service, is required for the above institution.

29th May 1942/30th May 1942/ 3rd June 1942/ 10th July 1942/13th July 1942 – The New Modern Sanatorium with 180 beds is near its completion and so they are inviting student nurses age 17+ to apply.

11th July 1942 – New Sanatorium, near completion. Salary for the first year is £40. (unable to determine the position from what I could find)

19th August 1942 – Health Committee Require the JL services of a Registered Dentist at the Sanatorium.

22nd August 1942 – House or bungalow is wanted for immediate rent within 5 miles of the sanatorium.

26th August 1942 /27th August 1942/28th August 1942 – Assistant cook is being asked for, previous hospital experience is necessary. Salary £75 rising by £5 to £85 plus war bonus with full board, uniform and laundry. Applying to the Matron, Fishpool, Mansfield, Notts.

29th August 1942/ 1st September 1942 – Staff Nurses are needed and says ‘Salary of Staff Nurses (S.R.N. and T.A.) £90 rising by £5 to £110 plus war bonus and usual emoluments).

17th December 1942/ 18th December 1942 – A Porter for general duties, wages 60 a week, plus war bonus. Applications, with copies of two testimonial could be sent to the medical superintendent.

21st Jan 1943/23rd Jan 1943 – Assistant cook is being asked for, they ask for someone with experience in numbers. Wages offered are £75 + 5—£85’s per annum and War Bonus, use of uniform. Here is it listed as Kirkby Road, Fishpool, Nr Mansfield.

Boiler attendant being asked for.

4th February 1943 – Nurses from 17 years old + required, Salary first year I didn’t quite get but for the second year it’s £50 and usual emolument. Apply to the Matron at the sanatorium, Kirkby Road.

14th May 1943 – Cooked required and a canteen assistant. Wages offered are £75, rising annually by £5 to £85 for the cook.

15th May 1943 – Assistant cook is being asked for, they ask for someone with experience in numbers. Wages offered are £75 + 5—£85’s per annum and War Bonus, use of uniform. Here is it listed as Kirkby Road, Fishpool, Nr Mansfield.

17th May 1943 – £45 first year, second year it’s £50, use of uniform.

18th May 1943 /20th May 1943/ 21st May 1943 – Nurses from 17 years old + required, £45 first year, second year it’s £50 and usual emolument. Use of Uniform. Application forms and particulars from the matron.

22nd May 1943 – Nurses from 17 years old + required, £45 first year, second year it’s £50 and usual emolument. Use of Uniform. Apply to the Matron at the sanatorium, Kirkby Road.

28th May 1943 – Carpenter instructor required, need to apply with their qualifications for either part time or full time work.

4th June 1943 – Carpenter Instructor required for Newstead Sanatorium, near Nottingham. Applicants should give qualifications and salary required for full or part-time work.

26th July 1943/27th July 1943 – Cook is being asked for, they ask for someone with experience in numbers. Wages offered are £75, rising annually by £5 to £85.

28th August 1943/ 30th August 1943 – Silver nurses badge inscribed with I M Baxter S.R.N lost between the bus station at the sanatorium and the city. A reward offered if was found.

4th September 1943 Cook Required, experience with numbers preferred. Salary £100 per annum, rising £5 annually £115 and War Bonus.

7th September 1943 – Urgently requiring cook, Salary £100 rising £5 annually to £110 with war bonus.

18th September 1943/20th September 1943 – Porter required for general duties, £4/1/6 per week, copies of two testimonials to be provided with application to the Medical Superintendent.

13th Jan 1944/15th Jan 1944 – Urgently requiring cook, Salary £100 rising £5 annually to £110 with war bonus.

1st February 1944/2nd February 1944 – Space for a cook at the sanatorium with a list of 180 beds to cover, the pay is £150 per annum with a war bonus.

3rd Feb 1944 – they are looking for cleaners, 44 hours per work and applications to be addressed to Matron (Miss Berkley) at Newstead Sanatorium, Nr Fishpool, Mansfield.

8th Feb 1944 / 9th February 1944/ 10th February 1944 – Space for a cook at the sanatorium with a list of 180 beds to cover, the pay is £150 per annum with a war bonus.

8th March 1944 – R Clayton asking for a large set of table skittles at the sanatorium, asks to write to him with the price.

22nd June 1944 – A porter is required for general duties, wages £4/3/6. They are asked to provide two testimonials to the Superintendent.

7th February 1944 – Non-resident Teacher at the City of Nottingham Sanatorium, which is situated near Newstead Park, Nottinghamshire. There are twelve children at present at the Sanatorium, all non-infectious cases, and instruction is required in English.

8th November 1945 – Ambulance driver, wages £3.14 per week.

10th November 1945/28th November – Female ward orderlies required, 48 hour week. £3.6 per hour riding by .2 annually. Includes war bonus. Apply with testimonials to the matron.

30th November 1945 – Female ward orderlies required, 48 hour week. £3.6 per hour riding by .2 annually. Includes war bonus. Apply with testimonials to the matron.

7th December 1945/10th December 1945 – Woman and girls wanted, resident or non resident for work in the nurses home.

11th January 1946 – Female orderlies required for children’s ward, 48 hour week.

8th March 1946 – Window Cleaner needed, being able to drive an advantage.

9th March 1946 – advertisement for student nurses, from 17 years upwards.

15th March 1946 – Male Hairdressers needed for two half-days per week.

8th June 1946 -Resident kitchen and dining room maids needed immediate. 48 hour week and uniform.

5th October 1946 /9th October 1946 – Applications are being taken for the post of a short-hand typist. It says something about salary in accordance with the General Division of the National Joint Council.

10th October 1946 – Male ward orderly Required, R.A.M.C. experience an advantage; 48-hour week, wages £4/19/* per week (including War Bonus) Apply with full particulars to the Matron.

22nd November 1946 – hairdresser needed for 210 bed sanatorium.

19th May 1947/9th June 1947 – General porter needed, wage and conditions accordingly, asked to provide two recent testimonials and to send to the Medical Superintendent.

20th February 1948 /26th February 1948 – Training school applications for appointment for student nurses (male and female) for 236 bed hospital.

23rd March 1948/10th December 1948 – Male ward orderlies needed. RAMO experience an advantage.

29th March 1948/16th November 1948/26th November 1948 – Affiliated Training school applications are being invited for the 236 bed hospital for Sanatorium training. 18 years or over.

20th August 1948 – Training school applications for appointment for student nurses (male and female) for 236 bed hospital.

29th October 1948 – Staff nurses needed.

26th August 1949/2nd September 1949/16th September 1949 – 256 bed hospital. Training school applications for appointment for student nurses (male and female)

23rd September 1949 – Looking for an assistant head cook.

30th September 1949 – Assistant Head Cook applications are being taken, male candidates.

4th November 1949 – Ward Orderlies are needed with them giving preference to applicants that had been in the RAM.

30th December 1949/31st December 1949 – Applications are being taken for the post of a short-hand typist.

6th Feb 1950/16th November 1950 – Mentioned to have 236 beds and being affiliated with Sheffield Royal Infirmary

27th March 1950 – Radiographer is required, with the salary for a Senior Radiographer or Radiographer depending on their experience, it says the Sanatorium is modern in it too.

28th March 1950 – Looking for a female cook.

4th May 1950 – I tried to find more but all I got was an obituary of someone that died there (name I could not get) for someone who died after a long illness – In silence she suffered. In patience she bore till God called her Home to suffer no more.

17th May 1950 – looking for two kitchen assistants.

Further information found in the Nottingham Archives.

This information comes from Quinquennial Report Upon the work of the Sheffield Regional Hospital Board from 1947 to 1952 and Quinquennial Report Upon the work of the Sheffield Regional Hospital Board from 1952 to 1957.

In 1911 it was made obligatory by the Tuberculosis Regulations to inform the Medical Officer of Health about any cases of pulmonary TB, it was part of the beginning of an organised scheme and was part of the services that came under the newly formed NHS. It was seen as necessary to create a way to administer the service through the (then) 17 local authorities.

Chest Clinics were part of those services, meaning that they would act as a place for:

  1. reception, diagnoses, observation and treatment;

  2. the examination of contacts;

  3. after-care of patients treated.

It was determined that beds for this purpose were still needed in areas, particularly Nottinghamshire but in 1952 it was less urgent than in 1948. An appendix table in the medical records for the area show that the number of open beds for admission in regards to respiratory cases (including TB) went from 449 in Nottingham, 5th July 1948 to 529 on 31st December 1952. They had reopened 26 beds and had added an additional 54.

In regards to Nottingham there were the following:

Respiratory cases admitted by year: 778 in 1949; 799 in 1950; 775 in 1951 and 760 in 1952.

Non-Respiratory cases: 121 in 1949; 107 in 1950, 104 in 1951 and 141 in 1952.

It details the differences in male, female and child admissions overall but did not break it down for Nottingham, I have not included those figures for this purpose.

It is mentioned that the major centres to be established in the region directly for Nottingham would be, City Hospital and Ransom Sanatorium (tuberculosis only in the latter), it does not mention the use of Newstead. During this period the Regional Hospital Board was Sheffield.

1953 – there was a noted improvement in incidence rates of tuberculosis, and in mortality, as opposed to the beginning of the century. The main attributing factor is that of the introduction of the use of antibiotics, directly referencing Streptomycin. The main people now affected are considered to be that of young women and elderly men. The drug had cheapened since it was first introduced. A course of the treatment was listed as approximately one pound per month, the other two drugs listed were Terramycin and Viomycin, which in contrast were costing around forty-pounds per month.

This has significantly affected the number of required beds in the wards and so there is now a direct listing for Newstead, Nottingham as having 26 beds (1 ward) for children-orthopaedic use. This is in stark contract to the previous list of 529 the year before being listed overall as possible TB recovery beds.

1963 I found a record that Newstead has a listed 65 beds for the chronic sick, now being used as beds for non-tuberculosis use given the decrease in TB cases overall.

Further Reading/Links for reference:

Catalogue entry

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Level

Collection

Repository

GB 0157 Nottinghamshire Archives

ReferenceNo

SCH/118/1

FullCatalogue

View collection catalogue

AccessionNo

7245

Title

NEWSTEAD HOSPITAL SCHOOL

Date

1944 – 1964

Extent

2 vols

CreatorName

Newstead: Hospital School

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(attached to Newstead sanatorium) Opened 3 April 1944; clsoed 1964 and the children transferred to Harlow Wood Hospital School.

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Log book and admission register

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 City Hospital Annual Report 1944

Pérez was a Spanish soldier with a rather curious claim and the rise of a story that leads me to choose him for this blog.

Pérez was a soldier of a Filipino Civil Guard who suddenly, it is said, appeared in the Plaza Major of Mexico City on 24th October, 1593. It was over 9,000 nautical miles from his origination in Manila. He was wearing the uniform of guards in the Philippines and he calmed that he had no idea how he had ended up in Mexico.

It also transpired that moments before he arrived there, his excellency the Governer of the Philippines, Gomez Perez Dasmarinas had been killed by Chinese pirates. After a lengthy period on duty Pérez had felt faint, leaned against a wall and closed his eyes. He opened them to find he was no longer in Manila but apparently in Mexico.

So what happened? Apparently two months later news came from the Philippines via a Manila Galleon, the axing of his excellency as well as other facts that could be confirmed about the soldiers story. Also one of the passengers recognised Pérez, eventually he went back and took up his old position as a palace guard and then led an uneventful life.

So it is a good story but there are a couple of things I am compelled to mention. Historical records put the Guardia Civil as forming in 1868, it seems that the date varies for the killing too from 23rd, 24th and 25th.

The cemetery doesn’t really have an official name; instead it’s a little place that might well have been given a history thanks to the Las Vegas Mafia, who may well have used it as a great place to dispose of their snitches, thieves and troublemakers. The pet cemetery is used perhaps as a luscious rouse to the more nefarious activities… Next to Rover the Dog you might well be inadvertently paying respect to a former snitch or otherwise.

Even with the help of Google earth and modern satnav etc. it is still quite hard to find, and then you have the speculation of the Mafia which may well put many off heading to the site anyway. If you try to find it then the best information I got was take the 95/93 from Las Vegas towards Boulder city and then about half way between the 95 changes towards Laughlin, you need to turn off there for a few miles then opposing lanes split in two, take the first possible U-turn, drive back the way you came for a few seconds before the lanes come back together. Right before this lane merges you will see a dirt track on the right and an open white gate that leads to the beginning of the cemetery.

The creation and abandonment of the cemetery seems to also go with the rise and fall of the Mafia success. Stories on the internet go around about a Boulder City veteran who wanted a place to bury his pets, so it was created in 1953 by said gent, Marwood Doud. Another says that it was a civil engineer that year, Emory Lockette, who offered a pet funeral service for fifty dollars per pet. The two stories might well have merged at some point but at least the year is consistent so I will go with 1953.

The fact does remain that the cemetery was placed on federal land and therefore built illegally so no official name was given, possibly to help avoid it being found. Later on it was acquired by Boulder City but there is still no firm decision on what will be done with it, so it’s still pretty much abandoned and for the most part lost to many.

The earliest of the graves are from the 50’s and are closest to the road, and many are in poor shape, having gone or on the verge of doing so. The graves are small and would have been bordered with little wooden fencing; some of the remnants still remain. The layout shows that they are arranged in a linear fashion with plays to keep it neat and orderly as the grounds expanded. The further you travel around the three acre land you see that some are more complex graves, with more creative displays involved.

Amongst the pets you find dogs, cats, rabbits, a fish named Spike II and a little hidden gem, a headstone for Flash, the son of the TV star Rin Tin Tin IV. He was groomed to be the star of the 50’s show but was replaced due to the poor screen showing, he was nominated for an award in 1958 and 1959 despite that.

The graves show a lot of love to the former pets and some make a slightly more ghostly allure because they have lights on them that come on at sundown, which leads me into ghostly tales. There is really only one mentioned in a couple of places with brief lines, about a friendly ghost kitty that will follow you to the gates if you visit at night.

In regards to the Mafia story it seems a little unlikely for body dumping, given how well it seems to have been constructed for the pets. The area is susceptible to flash floods and would make it likely to be a place where the bodies would be found too quickly, natural erosion of the desert would push the heavier bodies downstream from their original locations. Graves could be dug up by coyotes and other desert inhabitants, this is shown where they have dug up little ‘mittens’ etc. and exposed buts of fur etc.

Really this seems more like a little hidden gem of a history of showing love for pets, not a Mafia dumping ground, and it’s a shame that it’s likely to end up lost entirely one day due to it’s location.

In 1946 there were more than 400,000 POW’s from Germany and there was some controversy about the Geneva convention, as many were not returned until well after the end of the war. Nearly a fifth of the farm work on British Soil was being carried out by POW’s and there was a ban on fraternisation between POW and the general populous. The ban was lifted in Christmas 1946 and so many men experienced a more friendly Christmas with local families for the first time in many years. Around 250,00 German POW’s went home but around 24,000 decided to stay in Britain.

Records from the time give some insight into the camp life, many of the documents don’t reveal the camp locations as they were not allowed to write their address on the letters they sent home. However many have been identified, some are better known than others and a list of them (ongoing) has been compiled to preserve the records even if the buildings themselves are gone.

It was part of the Redmires, and nearby is a large golf course, the old Lodge Moor Hospital’s remaining buildings are part of a residential complex, a plane crashed into the hospital killing one and injuring seven back in 1955.

The nearby land originally was planned for an airfield and racecourse, due to the elevated position the land was marshy and not suitable so the costly layouts went to waste. The overlapping land was used by the Sheffield Battalion for training grounds to dig trenches and practise for warfare. Sadly many of those that were training up on the high and uncompromising land would be lost in the Battle of the Somme.

There was a prisoner of war camp situated at Lodge Moor in the First World War, from 1917-1919 and was used to house German captives. An archaeological website details that the capacity of the camp was greatly extended bu the use of tented accommodation. It says that it was guarded by double wire perimeter fences with watchtowers. From 1917-1918 (for about six weeks approximately) it housed U-Boat captain Karl Dönitz, whom Hitler picked for his successor as Führer, he failed this in the last days of the Second World War. He returned to Germany in 1920, after being sent to Wynthenshaw Hospital after displaying odd behaviour, it is not unreasonable to assume he would have acted this way to ensure that he was taken from the camp in the first place.

The site was then used as a Smallpox hospital as an extension to the establishment at Lodge Moor but this was demolished and another POW camp set up for the Second World War. This time it housed Italian and German prisoners, this time it was slightly more to the right and opened out in front of the Three Merry Lads, this area is now demolished and opened up for planted woodland and traveller enclosure.

A local oral story says that the local Redmires army gave the Italian prisoners free cinema tickets and food to help them leave the area once Italy surrendered. Many in fact decided not to go back to Italy due to the way they were treated and remained in Sheffield. This seems quite reminiscent of the Dad’s Army episode, but the episode I believe is based more on Island Camp Farm than Sheffield’s. Locals also recall that the Italian POW’s would wave and try to talk to people because they missed their own family and so seeing some sense of normality they would want to interact.

Recently, armed with the iPhone as the camera batteries died when I got on to the site, we headed out to see the remains of the Lodge Moor Prisoner of War Camp. Lodge Moor lies on very open country side, in an elevated position, we found it by parking at the Sportsman Inn and then following the public footpath. It was icy there and snow lay on the ground, from Nottingham however there had been no such conditions with it being a lower ground.

A 1923 Survey map shows the layout of the buildings and is marked as the “Redmires Special School” and there is now a pub called the Three Merry Lads which was unmarked on there at the time. Originally when we pulled up we thought it was that car park we needed but the Sportsman’s Inn proved to be the better for accessibility.

The site itself is out in the peaks and is behind a large unmarked wall, protected from the roads and it is overgrown. The old cement outlines can be seen amongst the vegetation and trees, and we had a little of the frozen ground to protect us from the mulch thanks to the rain and the pretty much flooded basement levels.

It’s quite hard to imagine now, but prisoners would arrive at the camp and be interrogated by the Prisoner-of-War Interrogation Section, it categorised their strength of belief in National Socialism. Those who were fervent believers were labelled “black”, those non-believers were “white” and those in the middle – “grey”. At Lodge Moor some of the “black” POW’s joined in others to help plot and escape to help sabotage the war effort. Some had already begun tunnelling there and did much of it whilst the guards thought that they were asleep.

Whilst the prospect of being a POW is grim they fared better in the English camps than those in Germany, they were reasonably fed and cared for. They were educated outside of the Nazi propaganda, the POW’s were allowed to be used dor labour as long as it did not benefit the British War Effort and they could not be allowed to go into factories, as they were likely to be bombed.

Sleeping conditions were also rough, and this was not hard to be imagined when standing up on a frosty, snow covered hill in the middle of nowhere. Many prisoners would be sleeping rough and by 1944 the lodge was full so people were sleeping in the tents, many slept on bare mud in wet conditions.