Archive for the ‘Science’ Category

The title related to a local Pittsburgh legend, a man called Charlie-No-Face. The story is that he was the employee of a power company and a downed power line disfigured him to the point that he would hide in an abandoned house. The story elaborates that he has a hole in his cheek and green skin. This ghostly tale of his sightings actually had a more natural and somewhat sadder explanation.

Raymond Robinson was born 29th October 1910, he died 11th June 1985. When Ray was 8 years old he was injured by an electrical line, on the Morado Bridge, when he tried to view a birds nest. The bridge carried a trolley and the electrical lines were 1,200 and 22,000 volts worth. The lines had killed another boy less than a year before.

The poor child was not expected to survive but he did, he suffered terrible scarring, lost his eyes, nose and one ear and one of his arms. He lived with his family in Koppel and made doormats, belts and wallets. His appearance meant that he would rarely venture outside during the day but he did go for walks along the quiet stretch of State Route 51, using a walking stick.

Locals would regularly gather up and search for him along the road, he would quite often hide from them but on occasion he would engage in conversation. Some of these people were inevitably cruel but that didn’t stop him from taking his walks. He had been struck by cars on more than one occasion and yet only stopped his walks in the later years of his life. He retired to the Beaver Country Geriatric Centre, at aged 74 years-old.

Raymond_Robinson_(Green_Man)

Pic courtesty of Wikipedia – creative commons.

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The space race was big news and in 1960, Komarov was picked, a Soviet test pilot and aerospace engineer, he was picked to be a cosmonaut. He was going to be one of the first man to go into low-earth orbit; alongside him was Yuri Gagarin, he was the first human that went into space.

The USSR decided to be brave several years later or just criminally reprehensible. They wanted to capture a docking between two Soviet spaceships in space. The Soyuz 1 would carry one cosmonaut and a second would have two more and one in space both spaceships would dock. The men would then switch spacecrafts and one would return to earth, a plan doomed from its very creation.

Soyuz 1 was to be Komarov’s craft, he knew it was doomed and so did a great many but the officials were going ahead with it regardless. Komarov knew it was pretty much a suicide mission, he also knew however that if he backed out his friend Gagarin was next to go in.

Komarov and Gagarin both showed up on April 23rd, 1967. This is the same year the US lost three astronauts in the Apollo fire. Gagarin apparently made strange demands and demanded a pressure suit, some through he may have intended to delay the launch. The mission went off according to the plan, well until Soyuz 1 made it to space. The ship did not operate properly and did not have enough fuel, one of the solar panels was compromised and when the capsule set for descent the parachutes did not open.

The parachutes failing and then their back-up entangling with a canopy meant to fill the larger spelt the demise of Komarov. The exact conversation has never been disclosed by the USSR, an unofficial account says in a sate of hysteria when he spoke with Alexsei Kosygin, a high ranking official, who cried with him saying that he was a national hero. He had a brief call with his wife about what to tell their children and they both plummeted through Earth’s atmosphere. It hit the ground with the force of a 2.8 ton meteorite. Some also say that he died screaming and cursing the people who contributed to his death.

His charred and unrecognisable body was then recovered and given an open casket, state sponsored funeral with military honours. It is worth mentioning again at this stage the stories about the alleged conversations and curses are speculation and probably just urban legend. What is worth mentioning is his incredible bravery and contribution to science and the exploration of space.

Fallen Astronaut.jpg
By NASA – Original image at http://history.nasa.gov/alsj/a15/as15-88-11894HR.jpg Another: http://images.jsc.nasa.gov/luceneweb/caption_direct.jsp?photoId=AS15-88-11894, Public Domain, Link

 

So its that time! Time to look at communication, specifically an old over-the-horizon radar system called the Duga from the former Soviet Union (Russia/Ukraine for the purposes of this article.) Over The Horizon (OTH) or Beyond The Horizon (BTH) are radar systems for long range use. Most were used in the 1950’s and 1960’s because they were early warning systems, just think about the Cold War and the idea of it being a necessity; the ones I am looking at here are the Duga system but they were used all over the world and still are, if modern reports online are correct. I am no expert so correct me where you can if I get things wrong.

The system operated from July 1976 up until December 1989, there were two deployed in Chernobyl and Chernihiv. Chernobyl is in the Ukraine and Chernihiv is Siberian. They were powerful and appeared without warning, sounding like a repetitive tapping on 10Hz, they became nicknamed by the listeners as the Russian Woodpecker.

They seemed to pop up pretty randomly and could interrupt legitimate broadcasting and all variations of stations. Complaints were sent in about them but I can’t imagine it being easy to prevent them. Some of the radio and television users began including blockers in the circuit to try and filter out interruption.

The first type of Duga was built in the Ukraine and did successfully detect rocket launchers from 2,500 kilometres. With its success they worked on the larger project. The first signal was picked up in 1976 and amatuer radio users gave it the name woodpecker, some people had reported it as early as 1963. Regardless of the date the Russian Woodpecker was traced back to the Soviet Union. The sources were found in Kiev, Minsk, Chernobyl, Gomel and Chernihiv but eventually narrowed down through speculation has been made that there was more than one transmitter. Wireless World, 1977 muses that along with the OTH system the Russians might be trying to utilise radar returns or another source that worked along side it, or around two or more spots.

I wondered if this was plausible or were we just putting more technical knowledge to that in retrospect or are we accepting that NATO might not have been entirely accurate? The NATO name for DUGA-1 is quoted as STEEL YARD, some sources also use STEELWORK. It is officially recorded name may well be different but not disclosed for security purposes.

Some points of interest are that they realised when listening that it was not used as a form of jamming because Moscow and pro-Soviet Stations were also caught by it, so it couldn’t be reliable enough for that. The signal used three repetition rates of 10Hz, 16Hz and 20Hz, but the most common was 10. They used a fairly wide bandwidth, usually 40Khz.

An attempt to stop the signals causing interruptions came along, one of the ways was tor try and use signals at the same pulsing rate, people formed a club called The Russian Woodpecker Hunting Club. The transmissions slowed down in the 1980’s by 1989 they had disappeared. This slow down and eventual end does coincide with the Cold War closing down, the official end being 8th December 1971 when the Soviet Union ceased to exist. Another factor in the close would be a further advancement in early warning systems, satellite systems are far more advanced and less likely to be affected by adverse weather.

The original Duga system was experimental and it lies outside of the Black Sea port of Mykolaiv in southern Ukraine. It was restored in 2002 after it was badly damaged by fire. As of October 2013 there is a possibility to visit the Ukrainian site via tour operators for Chernobyl who know how to get the correct paperwork.

For those who like modern reference here are some ways the Duga has been imported into modern media.

If, like me, you enjoy games like Metro Last Light or S.T.A.L.K.E.R then you may already know this… Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant is a heavy feature in S.T.A.L.K.E.R and specifically around the nuclear accident. The Duga array is in Clear Sky after the main campaign game. It is in the fictional city of Limansk-13 you can see it and visit it in game. The ‘Brain Scorcher’, a military installation, is inspired by the idea that Duga-1 was used for mind-control.

Call of Duty:Black Ops the map ‘Grid’ is placed in Pripyat and the array can be seen in game there too.

A documentary by Chad Garcia looks into the Chernobyl disaster and the potential links to the structure. The documentary interviews people directly involved in the building and operation of the installation.

A wonderful thing about being in England is there is a lot to see and do, from Nottinghamshire it’s a fairly short journey into the Peak District. One of the places on my list was Eyam Village, the plague village as it is also referred to.

Eyam village would have been quite isolated during the period of the plague and our journey by car was very far removed from the foot/horse travel of the day. It is however beautiful and part of the Peak Pilgrimage, its also a working village where people see us tourists coming through every day.

In 1665 Mary Cooper lived with her two sons and a lodger called George Viccars, who was a travelling tailor. She was a widow and was living fairly comfortably. Around march 1665 she had re-married to Alexander Hadfield and his will shows that he was also a tailor. She is also referred to as Mary Hadfeld in his will. Tradition holds it that a box came from London and arrived August/September containing clothes, her husband was away at this period and it seems likely he stayed with non-infected family for the year as he came back and died 12 months later. The box was opened and found to have wet cloth in it, so Viccars hung them to dry and within the week. It is thought that perhaps a flea was in the clothing and this bit him, within another two weeks Mary’s youngest son, Edward, had also died.

It was the start of the outbreak of the plague in Eyam, in more modern studies some suggestions were put forwards such as typhus, anthrax or measles. Anna Seward was the daughter of the village rector saying that in 1757 men of the village had dug up rotten linen materials and three of the men succumbed to a putrid fever, another several villagers also died. Does this support the idea of anthrax? However, it is a generally accepted event of plague that has been given to this time period.

As records show the wealthier people left the village early on, some of the poor also tried. It wasn’t possible for everyone to simply lock up and leave, often their arrival to other places was met with hostility. It’s not solely an Eyam experience but if villagers/townsfolk herd where people were coming from they may well have been driven out too. Sheffield people created barriers and had guards there to stop strangers from entering and possibly bringing infection. This also led to some villagers taking to living in the fields and caves around Eyam Moor, creating makeshift homes to avoid contracting the plague.

October that year gave another 23 listed victims, it included Jonathan Cooper (Mary’s eldest son) and by April 1666 there were 73 deaths, some would have been natural but there was a definite spike to their numbers on the records. A lull in May would have presented a sense of hope and then in June it began again.

The rector, William Mompesson and his wife had sent both their children away, his wife Catherine begged them to go too but William felt a strong sense of duty to remain. William remained there and Catherine stuck by him, this choice came at the cost of her early demise. He was a young rector at 28 years old and his position was also taken up during the point of a fairly tumultuous religious period. Thomas Stanley had returned to the village after his and Shoreland Adams had been forced to leave down to Puritan pressure. Stanley had come back and he was liked in the village, both of them had differing religious views but the one thing they did work on together was what they could do about the plague.

It is known that during the plague period people were forbidden from crossing a stream to go to the local Bakewell market, they would leave their money in the local waters and trade from a distance. This was already in place by the time they had got the stages next taken. The villagers consented to three decisions to try and stop the plague from spreading and to bring it under control.

The first was that they would have no more organised funerals and church burials, the demand was too high and so people were advised to bury their own dead. It meant the clergy could do all the other work surrounding the death and it must have been hard for all involved not to have their dead buried on consecrated grounds, it prevented the highly religious people of the time from meeting their relatives on Judgement Day. Bodies had to be buried fast and they had to be wrapped and under the ground as it was thought it would help to stop the spread too.

A second decision was made to lock up the church until the epidemic was over, services would be held in the open air. How the plague spread seemed confusing and unclear. Contact needed to be kept to a minimum, whilst they wanted to unite and keep to their services the villagers also understood this was necessary. A rock, The Delph, and the open area near it was chosen as the rock could act like a pulpit and to this day an annual Thanksgiving is held there on the last Sunday in August.

The third decision was quarantine, it was to try and stop the spread of disease beyond the village boundaries. It is speculated that the people of Eyam had little choice and viewed as forced heroism but it would only have taken one person to ignore that and get away with the disease for it to have become worse so it seems that they all agreed and kept to it.

The Earl of Devonshire lived in Chatsworth House, he was their chief benefactor and arranged for good and medical supplies to be left at the southern border of Eyam. Any requests for specific items could be left at the boundary stone and paid for there too. Cynically this kept the Earl away from the infection but without him they would have had nothing to sustain them so he was doing something to help the local population. Money was placed in running water or wells, or was sterilised by placing it in holes made in the boundary stones were the money was put into vinegar.

The villagers were isolated but the disease did not spread, all they had to do now was wait and pray. The last death was recorded in either October or 1st November 1666. 1664 showed the consensus with around 160 households (800 population) and by the end an estimated 430 people. The Hearth tax return for 1670 suggests 350 taxed households but does not list exemptions and another suggestion of only 83 survivors seems more plausibly to be 83 households. It would be hard to exact numbers for those who died to the plague too, as an example Jane Hadfield had a baby that died only 2 days after birth, not listed down to plague but not ascertained if it contributed either.

In December 1666 the Christmas period was one of recovery, slowly life was returning to the stricken village and in the summer of 1667 they held a ‘great burning’ to remove all objects etc that might carry any remnants of the plague seed.

There are still recorded outbreaks of the plague today, in 1994 there was an outbreak in India and there have been pockets of cases reported in the USA – be wary of the chipmunks and prairie dogs in some of the larger national parks. The latest listed case on WHO is in Madagascar as of 2017.

If you want a lovely day out in the Peaks and want to learn more you can visit and see a museum as well as all the sign posts around the village. It was, for me anyway, a wonderful day out with a lot to take in

Sources:
Eyam Plague Village 1665-1666 by John Clifford
The Village Museum and boards around the village.
The National Trust
World Health Organisation 

So I regularly see things come up about this story (and if you do like this PLEASE remember this is MY rant/opinion and I don’t discredit YOU as a person when I generalise, each to their own). It is described as a ‘creepypasta’ by quite a lot of people though you can easily find just as many negative comments about it too. I had seen enough comments about it on my random internet surfing that it seemed it was time to finally read it.

Firstly let me get this 100% clear, it is fiction and anyone claiming otherwise either does it for attention or because they are gullible. You won’t find any credible or real sightings for it. It is the same type of thing as slenderman, sightings are faked and are for the support of the media to go with the tale, nothing more. Of course searching serial killer is going to bring up results…

So it seems that the first emergence of this tale comes from Sesseur on Youtube, then Lyceum514 and LOLSKELETONS wrote the first fictions or ‘creepypasta’. Since then ‘Jeff’ has been given artwork and people’s interpretations with a female version called ‘Jane’ the Killer which is generally given poor support, as a Mary Sue.

Sesseur posted a video with a story, part of it was Jeff doing the world a favour, and killing the humans that infest this world. I am not making this up, I despair, anyway I shall carry on. So apart from a bunch of images that anyone can get off the internet the story progresses to say that he was using a gallon of acid to clear out his bath and slipped on some soap, this resulted in him splashing acid over his face. At this stage I am thinking a better name would be careless Jeff.

Neighbours then rushed him to hospital, no-one wondered why this kid used acid to clean a bath or even spot this series of killings? He’s ridding people how? Yeah I am really reading too much into it I know. So his brother, Lui, the visits him in hospital to find Jeff is a man that has been changed forever.

That was the sum of the video and there was a photo-shopped face with big, wide eyes and a red smile with white skin. So I will get on to that more later but for now it’s a short, pretty rough story, with some pics on Youtube.

There are a few theories, including that the video was made to hype up Saw, the white face etc but I don’t see how an unknown channel and poorly word video could be used for that. Anyhoo the story has since been fleshed out. Summary:

Jeff the Killer has a hobby of murdering people to satisfy his bloodlust. The urges were apparently there from about the age of ten, he had never acted on those urges. His brother Liu is said to have helped to contain this, but the parents never connected with Jeff.

At around 13 years old the family move home and he feels a bizarre pain. The pain comes again on the next day and he beats up three bullies who were harassing him and his brother. The next day he confesses to the police when they come to the door, to stop Liu from getting in trouble he confesses but then Liu steps forwards and confesses. From there on Liu is taken to Juvenile detention for a year and Jeff is depressed by it.

At a birthday part, the family were invited too, Jeff seems happier and is playing with younger children outside. The same bullies (around 12 and 13 years old) come back to take their revenge and it leads to Randy (main bully) attacking Jeff as the other two bullies (Troy and Keith) hold up the rest of the party at gunpoint.

Jeff gets that ‘feeling’ and it somehow leads to his mind snapping, permanently, he kills Randy. He turns on Troy but doesn’t manage to finish off Keith, Keith then sets him on fire via some bleach that gets spilled and Vodka that Randy had smashed over his head during the fight, the combination is set on fire with a lighter.

Jeff wakes up in hospital with his head wrapped in bandages and when they are removed he sees his face and that it is permanently changed. His face is white and his lips are bright red, he is delighted by this and begins to laugh maniacally and tell them it is wonderful. For some reason the doctor says this is normal and it’s because of the painkillers, Jeff is sent home.

Late that night his mother goes to the bathroom, she finds Jeff there carving a permanent smile in his face and then burns off his eye-lids to see his wonderful face all the time. (Join the selfie craze it would be less painful etc). Jeff’s mother then runs to tell her husband that this has happened and to tell him that he needs to kill Jeff, Jeff stops her and he guts both of this parents. Liu wakes up and Jeff goes him, plunging a knife into his chest saying ‘just go to sleep’.

Sometime later an unknown killer goes on a spree and a lone survivor gives the description of this teen, Jeff. From there it is left to the reader to work out what happened.

Right so there you go, so for the record I am NOT a fan of this so evidently my opinions come with bias and so here I go with whys and what-have-you’s.

  • There are some that say he is based on Jeffrey Dahmer, clearly this is not the case.

  • All the supposed sightings are fake, overly imaginative people of at best others pulling pranks or trying to scare people. At best you could argue the longer it goes on the more there is a chance for a Tulpa, but I am giving this too much credit that way.

  • The dialogue is poorly written and switches tense so poorly that it can be hard to follow:

The kid landed and turned back to them. He kicked his skate board up and caught it with his hands. The kid seems to be about twelve; one year younger than Jeff. He wears a Aeropostale shirt and ripped blue jeans.”

Jeff screamed and fell to his knees. Randy started kicking him in the face. After three kicks Jeff grabs his foot and twists it, causing Randy to fall to the ground. Jeff stood up and walked towards the back door. Troy grabbed him.”

  • I will however say that it is not like they set out to be professional writers but it irks a lot of people when this thing is called a Masterpiece. It really isn’t.

This label of masterpiece is pretty much what has leant me towards looking into some of the faults of the tale, it’s the same sort of thing as telling me that Twilight’s a good vampire series over the likes of Dracula etc. It’s my opinion, I am merely providing it.

Jeff himself is said to feel pain and snaps, you could take this as a psychotic break making him a disorganized serial killer. He is not mission orientated, other than killing everyone, so it’s hedonistic or thrill killing. Basically for no reason at all this teenager goes on some murder spree.

So what about his burnt eyes and his face? I am going to use Muriatic Acid as it is the most commonly mentioned in regards to cleaning so here we go: acid burns do not turn you into a Goth! The idea that there is an acid that would leave you with plain white skin over pain, skin grafts and at risk of infection is absurd. For me, the better plot would have been that the disfigurement was the driving reason for the spree, the pain is so bad they he cannot work out a release unless he causes suffering to others. Slipping on soap and being chemically burnt, or bleach and vodka, won’t give you porcelain skin. Sorry folks, I am the bearer of obvious news.

Burnt/Cut off eyes, the serial killer without eyes? Well he’d spend more time applying eye-drops than being an effective killer. There are people that have lived without eye-lids for varying reasons but the victims of this have to ensure they keep their eyes wet all the time until an operation to place eye-lids back on is successfully done. Oh and more information for you, as Jeff is male, the scrotum makes the best tissue match for eyelids. Jeff’s eventual match up of scrotums for eye-lids is not really frightening me…

Are his parents the dumbest people to accidentally pro-create? The names of the brothers don’t have any cultural match and read like a manga/fanboy badfic +10. They seem unphased by their two children involved in a stabbing, and if your kid is manically happy about permanently being disfigured after killing two children then you would argue with a doctor sending him home wouldn’t you? Also aren’t the fictional doctors in this utterly crap too? This mother sees her kid in the bathroom but doesn’t try to stop him or try to talk to him? She runs off to try and get her husband to kill him? Man these 2:4 parents are utterly crazy!

So I guess by now I really have made my point, the flawed story is over-rated for many reasons in my opinion. If you enjoy it and disagree then fair enough but you won’t be persuading me from my current train of thought, sorry.

So the picture – well the original is a photoshop of someone with a distorted face, white skin and bold wide smile with red lips.

Now I am not the type to go on 4chan or reddit, I usually end up there because I am being directed there with the research (such as SadSatan) and the following is probably a good enough reason why…

A 4Chan post said that they had found their sister in her room in tears, when asked why it had been due to internet bullies calling her out about her weight. She was saying that the pictures of her being photoshopped into this Jeff the Killer thing were really upsetting. That night, according to the original poster, she had committed suicide.

So what this true or another hoax? Katy Robinson is the girl that has been named, and when I looked around I couldn’t find enough to confirm or deny it.

The reality could be that much like Jeff the story could be fictional but there have been suicides directly relational to cyber bullying. Erin Gallaghar (Ireland) and Megan Meier (USA) both took their lives because of internet bullying. So Jeff is fake and maybe this suicide girl it too and unintentionally I just added to the click-bait on Jeff by searching this out.

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